fig. 9 - The earth is a sphere because that is the most perfect mathematical shape and all heavenly bodies are perfect. (Pythagoras, Ancient Greek)

The Outer Sun is an ongoing series illustrating human ideas about the cosmos.



fig. 7 ~ The planets travel on elliptical orbits around the sun. (Johannes Kepler, Astronomia nova, 1609)
More about Kepler’s discovery here.

fig. 7 ~ The planets travel on elliptical orbits around the sun. (Johannes Kepler, Astronomia nova, 1609)

More about Kepler’s discovery here.

posted 9 months ago with 125 notes

fig. 6 ~ There is a great void far out in space, devoid of any galaxies, clusters, or dark matter.
More info on the Eridanus Supervoid here and here.

fig. 6 ~ There is a great void far out in space, devoid of any galaxies, clusters, or dark matter.

More info on the Eridanus Supervoid here and here.

posted 10 months ago with 28 notes

fig. 5 ~ The flat earth is enclosed by a cosmic ocean.
And beyond the ocean are seven islands that only a few have ever reached.
(Babylonian)

fig. 5 ~ The flat earth is enclosed by a cosmic ocean.

And beyond the ocean are seven islands that only a few have ever reached.

(Babylonian)

posted 10 months ago with 8 notes

fig. 4 ~ The universe is expanding, and galaxies are moving farther away from each other

fig. 4 ~ The universe is expanding, and galaxies are moving farther away from each other

posted 11 months ago with 59 notes


fig. 2 ~ Protostar
stars are formed from collapsing clouds of gas and dust, when a gravitational “center” develops in a molecular cloud

fig. 2 ~ Protostar

stars are formed from collapsing clouds of gas and dust, when a gravitational “center” develops in a molecular cloud


fig. 1 ~ Everything is made of triangles
All matter is made up of geometric elements, and triangles are the smallest indivisible particles.
(Platonic Theory, Ancient Greece)

fig. 1 ~ Everything is made of triangles

All matter is made up of geometric elements, and triangles are the smallest indivisible particles.

(Platonic Theory, Ancient Greece)

posted 11 months ago with 49 notes